Agadir Agreement Wiki

The British government tried to prevent France from taking hasty measures and prevent it from sending troops to Fez, but failed. In April, Foreign Secretary Sir Edward Grey wrote: ”What the French are considering is not wise, but we cannot interfere with our agreement.” [7] His hands were tied and he had to support France. More specifically, the Agadir Agreement initially provides for the creation of a free trade agreement between Tunisia, Jordan, Egypt and Morocco, which will be gradually introduced in a transitional phase and will enter into force by 1 January 2005 at the latest. The Agadir Agreement establishing a free trade area among the Arab Mediterranean States was signed on 25 February 2004 in Rabat, Morocco. [3] The agreement aimed to establish free trade between Jordan, Tunisia, Egypt and Morocco, which was seen as the potential first step in the formation of the Euro-Mediterranean Free Trade Area under the Barcelona Process. [4] The Agadir Agreement is a free trade agreement between Egypt, Jordan, Morocco and Tunisia. Named after the Moroccan city of Agadir, where the process of establishing the pact was launched in May 2001, it was signed in Rabat in February 2004 and entered into force in March 2007. At the same time, it should promote the coordination of the macroeconomic and sectoral policies of the countries participating in the Agreement, in particular in the fields of external trade, agriculture, industry, taxation, finance, services and customs, and contribute to the harmonisation of economic legislation in the signatory countries. In 2016, after six years of inactivity, the agreement was relaunched. In April, Lebanon and Palestine joined the trade pact. Five protocols and two memoranda were also signed. The services sector will be liberalized in accordance with the provisions of the World Trade Organization (WTO) General Agreement on Trade in Services.

[Boussetta, 2004]. It should be stressed that the quantitative importance of trade between these southern Mediterranean countries appears to be very low, if not insignificant. Many barriers, as well as tariff and non-tariff barriers, still hamper the promotion of this type of trade. Moreover, the trade agreements signed between these countries in the 80s and 90s have never been implemented. In accordance with the Protocol establishing the Agadir Technical Unit, signed in 2006, the Agadir Technical Unit was established as the technical secretariat of the Agreement and began operations in 2007 at its permanent headquarters in the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan-Amman. It is working to continue the implementation of the Agadir Agreement. The ATU benefits from the technical and financial support of the Member States and the European Union. The Agadir Technical Unit is responsible for providing advice and technical assistance in all matters and areas covered by the Agreement. During more than twelve years of implementation, the Agadir Technical Unit has striven to achieve the objectives of the Agreement by carrying out numerous activities in various fields aimed at developing trade, strengthening regional economic integration between the Euro-Mediterraneans and promoting intra-export and investment with the EU.

The Agadir Technical Unit also carries out studies in areas and sectors of common interest to the Member States, as well as in sectors with promising prospects for complementarity, highlighting the potential for real integration in the sectors concerned. In this context, over a period of eight years, the Agadir Technical Unit has carried out a series of sectoral studies[13] in the following areas: the automobile and its components[14]; textiles and clothing[15]; Leather and footwear, food [16] and some horizontal studies on transport[17] and small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs)[18]. The Agadir Technical Unit has provided a set of training programmes in the following areas: trade, customs, rules of origin and dumping, and technical barriers to trade[19]. In addition, the Agadir Technical Unit has published a series of annual reports on many topics such as: intra-trade trade and several working documents and technical reports[20] to be submitted to the various committees and working groups, as well as the publication of several guides for economic operators in order to clarify all the procedures relating to each country, such as: A guide to export procedures[21], a guide to competition laws and procedures[22], a guide to customs rules and procedures in each Member State[23], a guide to export and import procedures between agadir Member States and the EU and a user manual on safeguard measures[24]. The Agadir Technical Unit implements its programmes according to a specific strategic vision and through several technical committees and sectoral working groups composed of specialists and experts from the Member States in the areas covered by the Agreement and in partnership with the National Focal Points for coordination and monitoring purposes. The ATU seeks to create a favourable and stimulating environment for cooperation under the Agreement by formulating several Memoranda, Understandings and Memoranda of Understanding in several important areas, most of which have been signed by Member States. In addition, cooperation with international and regional organisations of mutual interest will be strengthened[25]. Any Arab State which is a member of the League of Arab States and the Greater Arab Free Trade Area and which is bound to the European Union by an Association Agreement or a Free Trade Agreement may apply to accede to this Agreement. .