UNCITRAL should not be confused with the World Trade Organization (WTO), established in 1995, which follows the activities of gatt (General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade). The WTO deals with trade policy issues such as trade liberalization, the removal of trade barriers and unfair trade practices, while UNCITRAL deals at the international level with legal standards applicable to private law issues in transactions and therefore does not address issues related to relations between States such as the fight against dumping, countervailing duties or import quotas. UNCITRAL should not be confused with the International Institute of Private Law (Unidroit), founded in 1926 and based in Rome, whose purpose is to examine means and methods with a view to modernizing, harmonizing and coordinating private law, in particular commercial law, among States or groups of States and, to that end, to develop uniform legal instruments, principles and rules. The Lex Mercatoria has long regulated international trade relations between traders. It was a set of unwritten legal norms based on customs and customs. These include loyalty in the conclusion and execution of contracts, the rights of the defense, the rule of the word given. After the First World War, the rapid expansion of international trade revealed the need for a common set of norms and rules. From that moment on, the foundations of the modern free trade order were laid. The importance of the CISG lies in its interpretation. The international context, uniformity and good faith must be taken into account in the interpretation of the Convention.
Matters not specifically regulated by the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods are determined in accordance with the general principles of the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods; or in such absence in accordance with the rules of private international law. The UNIDROIT Principles for International Trade Treaties also provide for a ”gap filling” role in addition to the CISG, provided that they support a principle derived from the Convention. International trade law is a set of rules that monitor business-to-business sales when more than one country is involved in the transaction. As a branch of international law, this field has a great influence on the economic development of the world, especially on the assimilation of world markets. The United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods is the standard and code of conduct by which international trade law works. International instruments have qualified contracts as ”international” if the parties concluding the agreement come from two or more different States (see United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (Vienna, 1980) (`CISG`), Article 1(1)); Principles of choice of law in international trade treaties (2015) (the ”Hague Principles”), Article 1(2).” However, more flexible definitions are possible, such as .B. Treaties with ”significant links with more than one State” that ”involve the choice between the laws of different States” or ”affect the interests of international trade”.   The status quo may now change with the entry into force of the Convention on Jurisdiction Agreements (The Hague, 2005) on October 1, 2015 (the ”Election of Courts Convention”). The Convention on Jurisdiction guarantees the enforceability in the Contracting States of certain civil and commercial judgments given in other Contracting States if they result from a clause conferring exclusive jurisdiction concluded by the Contracting Parties. So far, the European Union (excluding Denmark) and Mexico have been parties to the Convention.
Another ICC product, the ICC Uniform Customs and Practice for Documentary Credits, revised 2007 (the ”UCP 600”), is the standard soft law instrument for regulating letters of credit, a common method of payment in international sales. In order for UCP 600 to be applied, it must be clear from the credit document itself that it is subject to UCP 600. The UCP 600 also contains specific rules for electronic records. Anti-dumping regimes include the imposition of duties representing the difference in price between products sold on the exporter`s domestic market and products sold on the import market […].